Origin of Basmati Export Development Foundation
Basmati Export Development Foundation (BEDF) has been founded by the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), Ministry of Commerce, Government of India.
It is a society registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860. The State Government of Uttar Pradesh has provided about 10 acres of land at a long-term lease for 70 years to APEDA to be used for Basmati Export Development Foundation activities.
A high-level laboratory and demonstration cum training farm have been set up on this land on the campus of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology Modipurram, Uttar Pradesh.
The main activities of Basmati Export Development Foundation are as under:
- QUALITY ASSURANCE IN EXPORT
- AUTHORISED CENTRE FOR SAMPLES DRAWN BY CUSTOMS
- PRODUCTION OF BASMATI BREEDER / FOUNDATION SEED
- FARMERS’ AWARENESS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
QUALITY ASSURANCE IN EXPORT
Basmati Export needs the support of strong quality assurance. BEDF provides a state-of-the-art laboratory facility to exporters and farmers. It has the following facilities.
- DNA Fingerprinting for varietal identification of Basmati Rice.
- Testing on the basis of Physical Quality Characteristics.
- Testing of residues of pesticides and heavy metals samples of Basmati rice at the concession rate.
- Generation of data on Pesticide Residue by testing samples drawn from farmers’ fields on a sample basis.
AUTHORISED CENTRE FOR SAMPLES DRAWN BY CUSTOMS
Vide policy circular No 28 / 2009-14 dated March 31, 2010, Director General Foreign Trade has designated Basmati Export Development Foundation, Modipuram as an authorized center for testing of samples of Basmati rice for variety identification.
Accordingly, customs draw samples for variety identification and send these samples for analysis to BEDF, Modipuram, in addition to AGMARK testing centers.
PRODUCTION OF BASMATI BREEDER / FOUNDATION SEED
At Demonstration and Training farm breeder seed production of specified is undertaken as per allocation by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India.
Multiplication of foundation seed at Farmers Land for further sale in the next Kharif season. This leads to the capacity building of farmers for seed production and becomes part of the seed supply chain in the trade.
FARMERS’ AWARENESS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
Demonstration and Training for an improved package of practices for export-oriented cultivation of Basmati paddy.
About 15 workshops are organized in Kharif season every year in the seven Basmati producing states viz., Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, and Western UP for farmers and extension officers of the Department of Agriculture of respective states.
These workshops are organized with technical/ faculty support from State Agriculture University and the Zonal Centres of ICAR.
IMPLEMENTATION OF BASMATI REGISTRATION AS A GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION (GI) PRODUCT
APEDA was mandated; vide APEDA (Amendment) Act, 2009 dated March 6, 2009, for Registration and Protection of the Intellectual Property Right in respect of special products in India or outside India. The second Schedule has been added to the APEDA Act containing the names of such products for which APEDA has been mandated to take these measures. As of now, the Second Schedule has only one entry i.e. “Basmati Rice“.
APEDA has been issued a certificate of registration of Basmati Rice as a GI product on February 15, 2016, by GI Registry, Chennai.
Towards implementation of this mandate, APEDA has developed a software-based system for monitoring and bringing in traceability for authenticity in the production and supply of Basmati Rice both in domestic and export markets. The software has been launched in seven Basmati-producing states from Kharif in 2017.
Detailed field activities of registration of farmers, collection of random samples from mills and trade, and their testing at Modipurram lab are to be coordinated by BEDF.
WORKING WITH CDFD, HYDERABAD FOR EXTENSION OF DNA TESTING PROTOCOL FOR INCLUSION OF NEW NOTIFIED VARIETIES OF BASMATI RICE
Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD), Hyderabad under the Department of Biotechnology, the Government of India has developed a protocol for DNA Fingerprinting for varietal identification of Basmati rice.
CDFD is pursuing with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) for publication of Indian Standard on method for DNA fingerprinting for varietal identification of Basmati Rice. The document submitted by CDFD was based on earlier work and the method was capable of identification of 11 Basmati varieties.
Meantime, many new varieties of Basmati were notified by GOI under the Seeds Act, 1966. Therefore, APEDA had requested CDFD last year to expand the method to cover all notified varieties which were 24 at that time. BIS has agreed to hold back the publication and requested CDFD to submit the revised method details early. BEDF scientists are technically assisting in this project.
QUALITY ANALYSIS FOR NATIONAL BASMATI TRIALS
Basmati trials and quality analysis are being done at BEDF in addition to Indian Institute for Rice Research (IIRR), Hyderabad, National Rice Research Institute (NRRI), Cuttack, and Indian Agriculture Research Institute( IARI), New Delhi.